German university system is an essential premise to successful development of both state and individual. So, education, including the higher one, is aimed at benefiting all parties that take part in this process.
There is a great variety of educational institutions to choose from: state, private, cooperative schools, colleges and universities. All of them, though, offer sufficient number of courses and vocational programs as well as online courses.
The state universities
The most popular schools are the state ones, because they are open for all kids, notwithstanding their age or nationality. However, valid visas and residence permits will be required as well as sufficient knowledge of German, so that the child can integrate into the school and class community. Generally there are nearly 300 state educational institutions in Germany, among them – 160 Universities of Applied Sciences, 100 universities and 50 art colleges. The education itself is mainly in German, although there are a lot of English-spoken programs and courses for foreigners and German themselves.
Universities educational programs
Traditional universities offer a wide range of courses to their students, both bachelor and master programs. The duration of education fluctuates from three to six years, depending on the degree you want to obtain. Usually the duration of bachelor studies is three or four years while master programs last for 2 years. The division into bachelors and masters was introduced because of high percentage of students, skipping courses and not finishing the full terms as well as an intention of adjusting the German system of education to the European one. For occupations such as lawyers and doctors, state licenses are required. Entering a state university is always challenging and quite difficult process.
Universities of Applied Sciences provide their students with four-years long bachelor programs with emphasis on technology, entrepreneurship, social studies, etc. Some of them also offer master programs, although almost none of them offer doctorates. Of course, it is possible to continue education in other educational establishments.
Especially popular among foreign students are German colleges of art, music and film. Approximately 35% of students studying there are foreigners. The status of such colleges is the same as of the universities.
Cooperative universities in Germany
Cooperative universities in Germany provide practical courses and specialized training in specific areas of business, technology, social studies, etc. It often happens that a student is studying in cooperative university while already having a job. Some programs of these universities offer bachelor degrees. Graduating from such university provides a student with good practical skills and abilities.
German universities have close international ties as well as connections with internal, German universities, in order to provide a better quality of education and integration.
The average cost of education
Private schools in Germany offer a variety of courses and programs. Tuition fees there fluctuate from 1900 to 4800 euros for a semester. A lot of private schools are state approved and have licensed courses, where a vocational degree can be obtained, and closely cooperate with companies. Also, many of them have cooperation with British universities, providing auxiliary courses in English.
German Academic Exchange Service publishes information on education in Germany in different languages, so that foreign students can get acquainted with it. Also, for more detailed and precise information you should contact directly the university recruit offices.
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